Abstractthe slender pigeon louse, columbicola columbae, is an annoying ectoparasite of pigeons. Enlargement of the spleen, liver and kidneys may appear chocolatebrown due to hemozoin deposition infected birds may suffer from reluctance to move, ruffled appearance, prostration and death. The current study focuses on a symbiotic bacterium found in the slender pigeon louse, columbicola columbae insecta. Columbicola columbae columba livia streptopelia decaocto degeeriella regalis milvus migrans goniodes dissimilis gallus gallus lipeurus tropicalis gallus gallus neopsittaconirmus lybartota psittacula krameri ischnocera philopteridae sturnidoecus refractariolus passer domesticus hohorstiella lata piaget, 1880 menopon latum piaget, 1880. How to get rid of lice fast, head lice treatment, best home remedies for lice, how to kill lice duration.
U c r als i t en a c n e d f a d n ou n d journal of. Pigeon louse columbicola columbae, photographed by pfliegler walter. They are not known to vector or cause any diseases. Pathogenesis to produce subclinical infections enlarged gizzards. Phylogenomics using targetrestricted assembly resolves. To test whether preeninginduced changes in the color of lice were heritable, lice sampled at 24 months from a longterm experimental evolution p1s were placed in common garden conditions and the luminosity of these lice were compared with the luminosity of their offspring f1s.
Avimec 10ml mitefleatick control 1 ivermectin spot on. Antennal lobe organization in the slender pigeon louse, columbicola columbae phthiraptera. Body size and fecundity are correlated in feather lice. Data includes synonymies and citations for all recognized species. Coloceras piriformis tendeiro, 1969, and columbicola guimaraesi tendeiro, 1965, in japan. Pdf sixtyeight feral rock pigeons columba livia intermedia strickland. Ischnocera, including descriptions of eight new species. Columbicola columbae in 1931 12, sequencing and phylogenetic analysis only recently. Bacterial endosymbiont of the slender pigeon louse, columbicola columbae, allied to endosymbionts of grain weevils and tsetse flies. Smith,2 kohjiiro tanaka,1 naruo nikoh,3 kayoko sasakifukatsu,1 kazunori yoshizawa,4 colin dale,2 and dale h. Information haematophagous arthropods as vectors of diseases springerlink bacterial pathogens of invertebrates chapter 10 natural enemies. Berenbaum, university of illinois at urbanachampaign, urbana, il, and approved october 21, 2003 received for. Females mallophaga op twitter image pixelmasterdesign. An columbicola columbae in nahilalakip ha genus nga columbicola, ngan familia nga philopteridae.
Johnson department of biology, university of utah, salt lake city, ut 84112. Bacterial endosymbiont of the slender pigeon louse. Mitochondrial genomes of columbicola feather lice are. Competitioncolonization tradeoff models explain the coexistence of compet. Klei and deguist 8 documented that 16% of pigeons examined were parasitized with p. Columbicola columbae, allied to endosymbionts of grain weevils and tsetse flies takema fukatsu, 1 ryuichi koga, wendy a. Phylogenetic analysis of symbionts in featherfeeding lice. Kodi archive and support file vintage software community software apk msdos cdrom software cdrom software library console living room software sites tucows software library software capsules compilation shareware cdroms cdrom images zx spectrum doom level cd. The aims of present work were to study the prevalence of lice infestations among pigeons in gharbia governorate, egypt, and to compare the lousicidal efficacy of camphor oil cam to those of dphenothrin dph and deltamethrin dmt against c. Feeding and reproductive behaviour of pigeon slender louse, columbicola columbae phthiraptera, insecta, ischnocera. Hafez and madbouly 1966b reported only two species of chewing lice from egypt. Host defense reinforces hostparasite cospeciation dale h.
Therefore, this work aimed to update the knowledge about the chewing lice infesting the pigeon and dove fauna of egypt, and describe columbicola joudiae n. Prevalence of parasites and associated risk factors in domestic pigeons columba livia domestica and free. Parasitic lice are embedded within bark lice, and thus the single order psocodea is recognized for both groups. Investigation on ectoparasites of duck in upper assam. Columbicola columbae linnaeus, 1758 and colpocephalum turbinatum. Avimec spoton solution antiparasiticide composition. Avimec spoton solution is a clear, yellowish solution containing 1,0 mg ivermectin per 1 ml solution. Pdf antennal lobe organization in the slender pigeon. Pdf and full text html versions will be made available soon. Prevalence of ectoparasitic infestation of pigeon columba.
This species feeds on the feathers, but are not fatal to nor cause significant damage to their hosts. An columbicola columbae in uska species han insecta. Only a single 16s rrna sequence was identified from each host species. Molecular phylogenetic analyses indicated that the symbiont belongs to the gamma subdivision of the class proteobacteria and is allied to sodalis glossinidius, the secondary symbiont of tsetse flies glossina spp. Ascaridia columbae expelledbyanthelminticjpg wikimedia commons from wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. To ensure that they remain wormfree the animals have to be dewormed periodically, depending on the local epidemiological, ecological and climatic conditions. Evolutionary simulations indicate that this topology is characteristic of a process of repeated symbiont replacement over a brief time period. Preening also exerts selection on traits critical forlocomotion on the host. Columba livia is a member of the bird family columbidae doves and pigeons 624 in common usage, this bird is often simply referred to as the pigeon. Rapid experimental evolution of reproductive isolation.
The reactions of the pigeon louse columbicola columbae to temperature, smell and contact have been tested in a circular, glasswalled arena divided into two halves. Thenumberofdescribed speciesof columbicola hasrecentlyincreasedto90,allofwhich. There are a no reports on confirmed resistance of ascaridia worms to anthelmintics. Strict hygiene of feeders and drinkers are a must to avoid or reduce their contamination with eggs. Clayton2 institute for biological resources and functions, national institute of advanced industrial science and. This is typical of flatbodied lice such as columbicola columbae, as opposed to rounder species that are traditionally found in other areas of a host, such as the. Goniocotes gallinae, cuclutogaster heterographus and menacanthus. Anaticola sp was encountered in goose in aepu unit during study period. Pdf chewing lice phthiraptera of several species of. Pdf isolation and identification of lice on some species of. Luminosity data for feather lice columbicola columbae in a common garden experiment.
The domestic pigeon columba livia domestica, which includes about 1,000 different breeds descended from this species escaped domestic pigeons. Columbicola columbae, a parasite of feral pigeons, avoids preening by hiding in spaces between adjacent feather barbs fig. Piperazine salts, levamisoleand benzimidazoles are all reported treatments. Prevalence of ectoparasites and its identification in. Columbicola columbae is a louse that parasitizes four species of pigeons, palebacked pigeons, speckled pigeons, rock pigeons, and stock pigeons. The psocodea species file is a taxonomic database that includes data for psocoptera bark lice and phthiraptera parasitic lice. Prevalence of parasiticinfestation in domestic pigeons at.
Columbicola columbae linnaeus, 1758 overview taxonomy status data on distribution data sources description sheet habitats history and archaeology. Pdf the high rate of infestation of chewing lice phthiraptera in. Columbicola extinctus, also known as the passenger pigeon chewing louse, is an extant species of phtilopterid louse that was once believed to have been extinct with its only known host, the passenger pigeon, prior to its rediscovery living on bandtailed pigeons. Like other members of the genus columbicola, is a long, slender louse that shows marked sexual dimorphism in the antennae, as the.
Antennal lobe organization in the slender pigeon louse, columbicola columbae. Pdf bacterial endosymbiont of the slender pigeon louse. Columbicola is a genus of chewing lice found primarily on species of pigeons. They belong to the order anseriformes, family anatidae and found on. Lousicidal efficacy of camphor oil, dphenothrin, and. Prevalence and seasonal variation of ectoparasite load in freerange chicken of kashmir valley. For the experiments reported in this paper, the pigeon louse columbicola columbae linnaeus was chosen because of the ease of obtaining.
Tendeiro 1962 regarded records on other bird species to represent strays. Reproduction, development and habits of the large turkey louse. These two species chewing lice were reported in pigeons of iran. This finding was similar to key provided by choi et al. Avimec spoton solution is used for the control of external parasites such as tick argus persicus, argus reflex, louse columbicola columbae, fleas and mite in cage birds like budgies, canaries and parrots. Request pdf feeding and reproductive behaviour of pigeon slender louse, columbicola columbae phthiraptera, insecta, ischnocera columbicola columbae. The remaining columbicola fell into four major, wellsupported clades labeled ad in fig. Clayton department of biology, university of utah, salt lake city, utah 84112 usa abstract. Of the 61 ingroup nodes, 54 89% were supported in 100% of bootstrap replicates, and 59 97% were supported in 80% or more of bootstrap replicates.482 732 1490 776 1192 1214 519 413 1436 468 573 907 1155 602 237 509 1054 1542 739 433 1525 367 713 1018 1396 1373 1218 1055 804 105 66 459 606 934 1246